Alright, I did some more digging. This general design originated in 1847 at Figgins in England, as Tudoresque. In her Nineteenth Century Ornamented Typefaces, Nicolete Gray shows it in a single size (≈44pt). In 1869, Bruce in the United States showed a similar cut, also in a single size (≈24pt), as Medieval. In 1878, MacKellar, Smiths & Jordan showed Medieval in three sizes. While the largest size appears to match Figgins’s cut, the smallest appears to match Bruce’s. The digital MFC Hills Medieval is based on the largest size. The letterforms in Eros appear to match the medium size. For more info and links, see Tudoresque at Fonts In Use.
Here are three samples showing the three sizes by MS&J, from specimens from 1885, 1888, and c.1892. Note the differences in repeating letters like A, C, r, t.